Out of the Church’s struggle with heresies, Church Councils met and formulated creeds. The word creed comes from the Latin word credo, meaning “I believe.” A creed is a statement of belief.
Historical Note: The creed that came out of the Church’s struggle with Gnosticism and Montanism is known as the Apostles’ Creed. It was not composed by the apostles, but was named, “The Apostles’ Creed” because it summarize of the apostles’ teachings.
Historical Note: We confess the historic Christian faith in the words of the Nicene creed which originated at the Council of Nicea in 325 AD. In this creed, spoken in church today, the Church confessed its belief in the most fundamental article of the Christian faith: The deity of Christ.
Historical note: New heresies (Arainism) arose to attack the nature of Christ as true God in the Trinity. The Nicene Creed did not fully express the understanding of the person of Christ. The Council of Constantinople met in 451 AD and formulated the Athanasian Creed to end this controversy. The Scriptures reveal Christ’s deity as well as his humanity. As our Savior, His full and complete humanity is just as important as his full and complete deity.